The Mangaung Metro Municipality (MMM) has witnessed serious water interruptions, shortages and resulted restrictions over the past few years.
This is due to bulk water supply problems emanating from the ineffective Welbedacht System in the Caledon River and the smaller Knellpoort/Rustfontein System in the Modder River. Apart from supply limitations, the Metro is also experiencing increasing demand because of natural growth and migration as people move to the Metro in search of education, training and work opportunities.
The Municipality serves approximately 230 000 households consisting of 720 000 users. In the case of Bloemfontein, the city’s higher population and extensive commercial activities result in a consumption of almost three times that of the two smaller areas forming part of the Metro, Thaba Nchu and Botshabelo.
Bloemfontein’s daily consumption comprises approximately 145Mℓ, while Thaba Nchu uses 20Mℓ of potable water and Botshabelo, 30Mℓ.
If one assumes population growth of only 1,2% per year, the water demand will increase with approximately 30% over the next 20 years (with an above average increase in the first few years as the backlog of approximately 50 000 formal stands without waterborne sanitation is eradicated).
The MMM has an indisputable need for a bulk water supply project.